Religion in Atlantis and the successing States
by Karl Juergen Hepke
One of the most interesting
information from the "library
of Ugarit" is that about the religion of the Kanaaneans, for
this is until today the only written source for a religion, which is probably
near to that of Atlantis. On the other side one can notice that, except some
differences, the heaven of gods of Kanaan is nearly similar to that of the old
Sumereans. If this is based on the fact, that Kanaan has took over the heaven
of Sumer, or if the old
Atlantean heaven was similar since the beginning, for both cultures were fed by
the same extraterrestrial source, is still heavy to say.
For both are very old cultures of the beginning, which developed parallel, one
can suppose, that they had a world of gods of their own, but similar since its
origin. To make clearer the just said are compared in the following the gods of
Kanaan with the gods of Sumer.
At the top of the Kanaanean and Phoenicean Pantheon is
the god "EL". Only the Kanaaneans are calling their main god simply
"EL", that means "God". Certainly this has contributed to
the development of the term of "God" in the Old Testament. EL is the
king and the master of all gods , creator of the universe and of highest
wisdom. He is also called "Beth El", what means "House of
El"(7). He is never portrayed, for that is impossible for men.
Sumer knows at this
place the god "AN". He corresponds in the essential part to the
description of "EL".
Behind "EL" comes "Baal". The name means only
"Sir" and he is in Kanaan the Libanean mountain and weather god
"Hadad". (7) This god is mostly portrayed as strong, bearded man , brandishing
a flash of lightning or a club of stone. The bull is his symbol, what shows the
Atlantean origin. At a Phoenicean stele he stands on the back of a bull
This god appears in many adaptations. As "Adad" in Mesopotamia, as Hittitic god
of weather "Teshub" and as "Baal Hadad" in Phoenicia . In Palestine he is called
"Baal Saphon", "Baal of the North". He is portrayed as
warrior with helmet with horns and a flash in his hand. Baal is the god of the
extreme, the destroying thunderstorm and the fertilizing rain.(7)
Sumer knows here the
god "Enlil", who is god of the air and has power to nominate or
remove the kings of Sumer. Like Baal he
intervenes as master in the events on earth and is with that probably
originally no god, but an extraterrestrial "bringer of culture", who
was later called "god". This thought is confirmed by the fact, that
to him is assigned a town as to all gods coming behind "AN". For
Enlil this town is Nippur.
Alyan Baal, who is later on taken for the son of Baal
Hadad, was in origin probably the older god. He is guardian of sources and
wells and the at times flowing rivers. He lets grew the grain but can also
cause flooding. His home "Zebul" was initially in the depth of earth.
He is also god of the sea. (7). With that he is comparable to
"Poseidon" of Greece, who was after
Platon the founder, progenitor and town-god of Atlantis. Here he was called
Thar or Tyr. In the Westatlantean area of France and Germany he appears later
as Bel or Belen.
Sumer knows at this
place "Enki" with nearly similar qualities. He is here foundation-god
of Eridu , which is taken for the oldest town of Sumerean settling in Mesopotamia. He can have been
like Enlil an extraterrestrial bringer of culture. In Sumer he has a share in
the creation of cultural interested men. As expert for underground water and
living spaces he came possibly from a planet with mainly underground life.
(Perhaps the Mars (D). )
The astonishing is, that here are amazing parallels
between gods and circumstances of foundation of towns in the culture of Sumer and Atlantis.
Both were situated in the neighbourhood of the sea in fertile flood plains and
both developed from origin with a high level of knowledge and culture. Both
were preceded by other sunken cultures. Atlantis II by the culture of Atlantis I , Sumer by the Indus culture. Also the
time of foundation can be taken as identical. Both had also a peaceful basic
setting, what lets them appear in the eyes of a peaceless posterity as cultures
of a "Golden Age".
But further to the world of gods of the Kanaaneans.
The sister, sometimes also the sweetheart of Alyan is Anath, the warring
virgin, probably a manifestation of Astarte and mixed with her in the late time
under the name "Atargatis". In Karthago she was later on called
"Tanit" and in Greece
Astarte corresponds as goddess of fertility and love with the Babylonean Ishtar
and the Sumerean Inanna. As in Babylon she had high
reputation in Phoenicia. In her service
was carried out in both areas the ritual
prostitution of women and female and male slaves of her temple.
The magic of fertility of prehistoric times, possibly
some of old hermaphroditic ideas was still living in this customs. The
principle of fertility was worshiped in female and male form. Initially it was
possibly taken for a hermaphroditic god, in whom the cosmologic terms
"female" and "male" were unified in only one, who could
father by its own. The oldest gods of the Egyptian and many other religions of
the early time of Near Asia are often hermaphroditic.(7)
In Sumer is Inanna, beside
the already mentioned functions, the goddess, who had brought the
"ME" to men . These are the abilities, which were originally reserved
to the "Gods", that means the Extraterrestrials. One can understand
this in figurative sense that she has as goddess of fertility and love
decisively contributed to the transfer of gene and with that of intellectual
qualities from extraterrestrials through human women to earth. And that,
following old Sumerean myths, more than intended. The town of Inanna is Uruk.
The enemy and opposite of Baal and Alyan Baal is
"Mot", or, as he is later called "Molk". As Baal and his
son represents the power of vegetation in the rainy season of winter, the life
giving water of the sources and the vegetation in spring, is Mot, who rules
over the dried out earth , the personification of summer and harvest. (7) He
rules over the kingdom of death.
In Sumer has the reign
over the kingdom of death the sister of Inanna, Ereschkigal. This can mean in
figurative sense that the domain of Inanna, love, fathering and birth was seen
as sister of death, the domain of Ereschkigal.
Death was in Sumer and Mesopotamia, caused by the
permanent warring quarrels, in which also the not fighting population was
indiscriminately and without consideration beat to death, something belonging
to life. Rarely men got old and lived in consciousness of their quick rebirth
after their early death.
After results of digging up in Bahrein, the
"Dilmun" of the Sumerians and precursor of the Sumerian settlement at
the mainland, men reached very seldom an age beyond 40 years.(12) This
astonishing fact explains probably an other relation to death and with that to
the world of gods as in the Atlantean area, where men , after corresponding
results of digging up, lived normally longer.
In the further heaven of gods of both cultures we find
the nature-gods of sun, in Kanaan-Atlantis Shamash, in Sumer Utu, and of moon,
in Kanaan-Atlantis Nikal in Sumer Nanna.
Sumer, with its lot of
wars, knows beside that a number of gods of war as Ninurta of Nippur, Zababa of
Kisch and Ningursan of Lagasch. Beside that there is a multitude of town-gods
in both cultures. Remarkable is in the area of Kanaan-Atlantis the figure of a
divine engineer, smith and master-builder with the name Usoos. He was as
extraterrestrial bringer of culture possibly responsible for the transfer of
technical knowledge, which marked especially the culture of Atlantis.
The religious poetries of Ugarit were probably
quoted at ritual ceremonies , possibly even performed. One of it, a myth of
creation, is without doubt a drama with musical accompaniment (7). It was
probably performed at the end of a cycle of seven years, which at the
Kanaaneans as at the Hebrews plaid a big role. The act is often interrupted by
the acclamation of gods.
A similar subject ,as part of the cult of agriculture,
is treated in the epic of Daniel. Another poetry sings about the wedding of the
goddess of moon, Nikal.(7) The Kanaanean gods and myths, handed down through
the documents of Ugarit for the second millenium B.C. , show, as said, clearly
a similarity with Mesopotamia and North-Syria and are also containing a system
of magic rites to influence the as animated felt nature.
The texts of Ugarit have very much
enriched the knowledge of the mental background of the Kanaanean and with that
of the Atlantean world. We know now from authentic old source more about the
world of gods and the life of men in that time.
Read to this in English: The History of Atlantis, the forgotten Origin of our
By Karl Juergen Hepke
Or as a book in German language:
GESCHICHTE VON ATLANTIS, der vergessene Ursprung unserer Kultur
by Karl Juergen Hepke
DER VERLAG, D 63584 Gruendau-Rothenbergen, Germany, 2nd Edition, Hardcover, 268
Pages, EUR 22,00, ISBN 978-3-89774-539-1 ,