The Change of the Coast of the
by Karl Juergen Hepke
After that in the chapter "The cosmic catastrophe of 1250 B.C." reported, happened a strong earthquake in front of Iberia aroused by the impact of a meteorite, that had effects as far as the eastern mediterranean area for example in Troja, Tyrins and Mykene.
One can well imagine, that with the earthquake,
aroused by the impact, was realized a raising of the ground of the sea as far
This is easy to recognize by the fossils of the sea
which can be found in the upper plains of
Iberia and also the South of France are areas of raising in which latent tensions in direction of rise are also now still available. Is such a region of tension hit by a bigger meteorite with considerable energy, the latent tension is set free in a big earthquake in which the crust of earth moves so, that a cutback of the existing tensions happens. In the here considered case the ground in Iberia and South France will raise.
Now there is in South France in front of the Pyrenees
in continuation of the Basque coast and the Gulf of Biscaya a deep lowland.
There is flowing through two of three parts the Garonne, which flows into the
Atlantic, with its source rivers. The remaining third, beginning at Toulouse is
crossed by the "Canal du Midi", an already in 1680 A.C. built canal
for inland navigation which reaches the Mediterranean Sea at Sété and until now
is a water way from the Atlantic to the Mediterranean Sea avoiding the long
detour round Iberia.
The geological map of France shows, that the lowland is mainly filled with sedimentation of the ice age. But there is from the Atlantic to the Mediterranean Sea a going through area that is filled with sedimentation from the time after the ice age. Large parts of the country touched by the canal, are still now lying much below its level. Therefore the canal follows the inclinations of the northern lying hills.
With that one can conclude, that with big probability there was a water connection after the last ice age and the following ascent of the sea, that means about 5000 B.C. and 1250 B.C. between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean. This is as more probable as in the Atlanticum, a warm time after the last ice age which lasted till 2500 B.C., the level of the sea was partly 30 m higher than now.
This connection was with the still now remaining structure of the country partly very shallow and full of water-plants. It could be only be passed by experts of the way, was known as dangerous passage under the name "mare tenebrosum" (the darkened sea) because of the still now frequent occurrence of clouds and mist in front of the ridge of Pyrenees and "mare coagulatum" ( the thick sea ) because of the water-plants in it, in the antic world.
This sea followed from its mouth into the
The depth of the water in that sea north of the
The Greek Aristoteles described the stretches of water outside of the "pillars of Herakles" as "because of the mud shallow, but quiet, for it lies in a cavity" (1b) which fits much better for the stretches of water north of the Pyrenees than for the deep Street of Gibraltar with its strong current.
And so the name, which was given to the preferred waterway to the Atlantic of old times is explained. For the mountains of Gibraltar and the African coast, to which the name was applied, when the northern passage was not more practicable, are merely remembering to pillars.
So also the question is explained which put the king of Phaeaks to Odysseus as "if he had come from West ore East". If he had come from West he would have known the strictly kept secret passage of the North and had probably not survived. But because he came from the East and had therefore used the more known Street of Gibraltar he could have been deported on the same way.
You must always remember at these naming, which had come from the Greeks to us, that the Greeks themselves nearly never came into these areas, which were strictly guarded by the Atlantians of all times, included that of the Etruscians and Carthagenians. They had only knowledge of it through the stories of Atlantian and later Phenician merchants or seamen. But these were not very interested in telling their possible competitors many true things. So the Greeks were nearly groping around in the dark when they tried to tell about these areas and their report became often the character of a legend.
At the mouth into the Atlantic this zone of shallow water extended south through the today nearly drained and with forest covered "Landes" as far as the Pyrenees and to the north as far as the steep coast of the Armorican mountains which begins at the seaside resort Yard sur Mer of today. Here in the North the shallow water extended differently but predominantly for kilometers into the land, following a line which you can discern today in the transition from the low marshland to the hilly hinterland.
The mouth areas of the rivers Charente, Sevre Niortaise, Vendee and Lay were still in younger historical times marshy and full of water vegetation. Till the Middle Age here extended the legendary "Golf of Pictons". If here were before 1250 B.C. bigger islands is not easy to say. The highest points of the Ile Oleron and the Ile de Re with 20 and 30 m are dunes which possibly came into being on sandbanks. Only the old country Aunis, at the point of which lies today the town La Rochelle, could have been at that time an island with its height of 37 m and rocky subsoil.
The passage through these areas was certainly not harmless and only possible for a seaman, who had big experience or knowledge of the way. From the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic were to do 400 Km. With the possible middle speed of merchant ships of that time of 10 Km/h and a time of sailing of 10 hours a day this distance could be passed in four days. In an additional day Yard sur Mer was reached.
Here was a good natural harbour in the mouth of a little river which in later Atlantian time, which is here called Phenician time, grow to a town with possibilities of reload and supply. Not far from it you can find a lot of dolmens and menhirs, what shows, that this harbour is very old and had some importance. The Menhirs, which could be seen from the sea at that time were possibly land markings and objects for bearing. Probably this was the first good harbour after the passage of the low sea.
What made this harbour additionally interesting is the fact that there are in a distance of 70 Km to the North-East, near the sources of the Lay, mines of the metal antimony. Antimony is an important valuable raw material for the hardening of metal, especially for bronze. It has also the pleasant quality to reduce the melting temperature of the alloy. It is possible that here were, in the meantime exploited, also deposits of tin. Until now you find here uranium and lead. It is possible , that this deposit of uranium was already exploited in the time of Atlantis I about 15 000 B.C. for some researchers are thinking, that in that time were known nuclear weapons. This opinion is founded on reports in the Indian Mahabharata.(2a)
From Yard sur Mer the now relatively problem-free journey of the old seamen lead to the island of Ouessant, lying in front of the coast of Britanny. It was still in the time of Carthago the reloading place for the tin coming from Brittany and from Cornwall. With pleasant weather it was reachable in three days. Altogether the journey from the Mediterranean Sea took 16 days to and fro with pleasant conditions. A journey which was worth it, if one considers, how important the tin and also the antimony was for the production of weapons in the Mediterranean area and for the Atlantian commerce of metals.
Read to this in English: The History of Atlantis, the forgotten Origin of our Culture By Karl Juergen Hepke
Or as a book in German language:
GESCHICHTE VON ATLANTIS, der vergessene Ursprung unserer Kultur
by Karl Juergen Hepke
TRIGA-DER VERLAG, D 63584 Gruendau-Rothenbergen, Germany, 2nd Edition, Hardcover, 268 Pages, EUR 22,00, ISBN 978-3-89774-539-1 ,