Atlantean Tradition at the Celts of the Islands.(8c)
by Karl Juergen Hepke
The Celts are the first people north of the
One is supposing today, that before the emigration
after the Atlantean catastrophe of 1250 B.C. existed a “Common Celtic”, understood by all people. It
divided later into two different dialects , of which
the “Goidelic” ore “Gaelic”, spoken from the
users of the Brythonic dialect belonged to a later
wave of immigrants, which poured over their previous areas of settlement and
imposed their language, where they were in majority. To the today existing
Celtic languages are counted the Old Irish, the Manx of the
In course of the sixth century B.C. , when the climate changed again to warm and dry, the tribes, which were called later on “Celts”, like their northern neighbours, which were called later on “Teutons” migrated again to Europe and spread in all until than only sparely inhabited areas. Besides the change of climate also the political condition in their settling areas, to which belonged the area of Near Orient, which suffered under the actions of resettlement and terror of the state of Assur , can have been the reason for the backward migration . One moved from the terror by emigration and the loss of population lead to the decline and disbanding of the state of Assur.
In the fifth century B.C. reached the first tribes
So here rose an “animosity from the beginning” and all Roman writers , except those of Celtic origin, told in following times only scornful and negative from the Celts. All reports by the Romans about Celtic customs and equipping have to be seen and rated under this aspect.
Also Greek people had to suffer under the raids of the
Celts. The Macedonians were defeated and also an army consisting of contingents
of all Greek city states at the Thermopyles. After
that, the Celts plundered the
The courage and bravery of the Celts was proverbial in
antique world . They gave mercenaries to
Later on, in the time of codification of the Irish system of rights, which based on the old order, were existing five classes:
1. The kings and tribe chiefs
2. The Educated and higher professional groups.
3. The fonctionnaires and judges
4. The clan belonging, who cultivated the land and gave military service in time of war
5. Those , who had no civil rights: criminals, working at their penalty , prisoners of war and hostages.
Here should not be spoken about the long lasting
quarrels of the Celts with the Romans. They could be read in every book of
history. At last
Who were really the “Druids”?. Their name is derived today unanimously from “dru-vid”, what means ”strong or all”=dru und “see”=vid ( the Latin stem from videre=see). That means, the Druid is somebody, who can see all. Today one would describe him or her as a highly educated person with prophetic abilities. The Druid can be man or woman. There is no difference. The Druids felt, like the old Atlanteans , themselves as successors of the Gods and as guardians of the knowledge, received from them.
This knowledge should be passed by celestial order only orally to persons, selected by the druids. It must be learned by memory, what lead to times of education on to twenty years. This reports Caesar, who was as Roman and war leader against the Celts not very reliable in his statements about the adversary. More particular about the education is later on to see in the codification of the Irish Brehon laws, which based on the old order. After this required the reaching of the highest degree of education at least twelve years. The first degree was reached in two years. It was called ”fochluc” because its art was so little as a twig “Fochlacan” (veronica). After three years reached the pupil “mac fuirmid”. In the fourth he was called °dos”= “young tree”. In the fifth he was called “cana” and in the sixth ”cli” after ”cleith” the plinth of a house.
With that, the basic training was reached, and passed now to a study of a couple of years. At passing all examinations he could reach after one to three years the degree “anruth”= “noble creek” and after twelve years he became “ollamh”= “professor”. In every art or profession the “ollamh” was the highest reachable degree. A builder of houses was called so as a goldsmith, jurist, doctor or judge.
In the six or seven centuries of migration of the Atlantean tribes through
So is to explain. that after resettling Druids made journeys through different Celtic countries to replenish their knowledge, which they thought to be only fragments, at Druids of other countries or in “Druid schools” , existing for example in Brittany. Additionally one can suppose, that in some areas ,and to this one can tell the British Islands , in the population, which had not participated the emigration, were also Druids, who had conserved the old knowledge, and were now an important spring for the returning Druids.
This could also explain, why in the language group of
the Island Celts are contained Hamito-Semitic elements, which are existing also
in Hebrew, Aethiopian and Old-Egyptian
, languages, which come from the Old-Atlantean
language. This “old-fashioned” language was probably conserved also at the on
Which are now the important lessons and customs of Druidic and with that traditional Atlantean knowledge ?
A. The lessons.
The human soul is indestructible. After death it goes
to an “Other-world” and returns from it in a reincarnation .That is another
birth in a new life on earth. This lesson is in principle according to the
2. World is indestructible also if temporary water or fire are dominant. Here speaks the direct experience with two dramatic events , namely the impacts of meteorites at 1250 B.C. and 8500 B.C. and the recovery after the catastrophes and shows, how Celtic men were aware of these happenings .
3. Men have a free will and are neither dependent to an original sin nor to a predestination in their decisions. He decides alone how he fulfils his Karma. How we will see ,was preprogrammed in this point the conflict with the Roman church.
4. For men with knowledge and capable of insights, the will of God is to recognize in signs in nature. It is therefore possible for him, to predict future events or developments with high probability. The evidence for this assertion have shown many Druidic predictions.( After the fire of the Capitol of Rome they predicted ,300 years before it happened in reality, the decline of Rome and the following rule of people, living north of the Alps.)
B. The special customs.
5. The Druids worshipped the woods and groves and thought them to be holy. They had a special worship for the oak. The mistletoe that grows on it had a special meaning and was cut at special times. The teaching of the pupils of Druids happened preferably in holy groves.
6. The Druids came together at certain days at central meeting places, which laid with priority in the middle of the prevailing area of settlement, to give the same length of way to all, coming to the meeting. This place was thought to be holy and was defended especially hard in the case of penetration of foreign armies .
Their oral tradition was so good, that the Druids in
the year 69. A.C knew exactly the victory of the Celts about the Romans at
8. The Celts cultivated mainly no cereal but lived from milk products and meat from cattle breeding .
They possessed a script which was called “Ogham ”and
was used for writing of orders and laws on stones. This is corresponding to a
custom spread at all people, coming from Atlantean
origin and reaches from the Egyptians over Hammurabbi
10. They used a mystic of numbers in which plaid the number” Three” a special roll. Other important numbers were the five, the nine as three times three and the thirty three. The three went as Trinity into the Heaven of Gods of the Celts and later on of Christianity.
C. The roll of women.
Contrary to the cultures of Greek and Romans women had much more rights at the Celts. They could practise all professions, also that of a Druid, ruler or warrior. In Celtic history there are many famous examples as Macha Mong Ruadh (377-331 B.C.), Cartimandua (43-69 A.C.), Boadicea (around 61 A.C.), Chiomara (around 189 A.C.). The Irish Brehon system of rights saw women as lawyers and judges (e. g. Brigh as famous Brehon judge.)
Women could take up the succession of princes and kings and gain with that the highest authority, while the normal was the male succession. The woman could inherit property and to her belonged further all goods, that she has brought into the marriage. She could at divorce obtain all what has given her husband as present to her.
Divorces were possible as from side of the woman as the mans side. If a man has dishonoured himself and sunk to the lowest class , concerned that not the position of his wife. The woman was only responsible for her own debts, not for that of her husband.
If one compares this system with that ,what is now practised in most western states and has its origin in Roman right, it appears really as the more modern and practicable. For it avoids the catastrophic effects of such “modern” achievements as liability in family, equalization of accrued gains, statutory equalization of pensions and maintenance payment, which often is leading to the ruin of the concerned ones.
The difference in the two
legal systems is before all founded in the fundamental view of the roll of
women in society. In the Celtic and Vedic-India ,
that means in the original Atlantean system, she was
completely acknowledged equal to the man. In the Roman system she is regarded
as subordinated, less qualified, and therefore in need of protection. This
lives since the time of Roman rule, in spite of all lip-service to
equal-rights, still in the head of men and is refreshed again and again by
conservative institutions, as the Christian church. One must although see, that
About the world of Gods here will be reported especially about that of the Celts of the islands, because the heaven of Gods of the Celts of the continent was much influenced by the early integration into the Roman area of culture. Besides this were introduced many Gods of nature at the Continental Celts as the Island Celts in the long time of migration and the intensive quarrel with nature. They will be less respected here ,because especially the Atlantean tradition shall be regarded . The Druids of the Celts of the islands saw their Gods as their predecessors, they had still the opinion of them as in Atlantean times all Atlantean people.
A God which is found in many names is Bel. His name is also Bile , what
in names of today gets often Bille,
the “ wedge of
thunder” which are found as stoned rests of squids in much lime stones in
A further God is Lugh, Llew in Welsh, Lugus in Gallic.
After him are named
The God Taran, Tyr, Thor, Donar, a God of thunder, gave his name to Tours, Tauran and Thouars in France, Tyrus in Canaan, Tarquinia in Etruria, Tharsis in Andalusia and Tarent in South Italy.
The tendency of the Celts, to worship their Gods as trinity was already mentioned. This seems to be an Indo European tradition. At the Hindus consists the ”Trimurti” in Brahma, the creator, Vishnu, the protector and Shiva ,the destroyer. At the Greek in Zeus (heaven) ,Poseidon (sea) and Pluto (underworld). There are existing three goddesses of fate, three furies, Three Graces, three times three Sibyllinic Books, three times three Muses. Men consist in the trinity of body, soul and spirit and the by them inhabited world in earth, sea and air.
The Celts saw nature as animal, vegetarian and mineral, the cardinal colours were Red, Yellow and Blue. The Gods were worshiped in threefold form and their trinity went after groundwork of the early Church Fathers and the Greek ,through a Gallic Celt, the bishop of Tours, Hilarius (around 315-367 ) with his work “ De Trinitate” as Father, Son and Holy Spirit into Christian Faith. Later on became this in Catholic practise of worshiping the trinity: Father God as Creator and Master of World, Christ as master of Earth and Maria as mother and virgin goddess. With that one returned de facto to the old Atlantean and Canaanitic trinity El, Baal and Astarte, under new names.
As one can see, necessities of worship have a considerable ability of remain , what does not really speak against them. More clearly as in the world of Gods, their names and functions, is expressed their Atlantean heritage in the holydays of the Celts. Obviously holydays have a much better ability of remain as with them connected Gods or events. So it is explainable, that even Christian Church has obtained these holydays, in which sometimes the contents were changed, what does not prevent people from cultivating the old contents until today.
The most sinister, but also most impressive holyday is Samhain, the feast of the deceased in the night to the first of November . In this time the separation to the world of the deceased is less existent and often becomes blurred like the world, lying in fog. The souls of the deceased get in connection to the living and fill them with fear or trust. Men hollow out pumpkins and cut in it shocking faces ( the highest Druidic symbol for protection) and lighten it from inside with a candle, to frighten unwelcome souls. In Celtic influenced countries is this holyday until now celebrated as Halloween. From Christian Church it was taken over as All Souls Day.
The next old Atlantean holyday, documented in many megalithic stone settings and celebrated further by the Celts, is the solstice of winter, now at the 21ce of December, in the time of the old Celts at the 24th of December. It is the birthday of the God of sun, who gets than more and more power . It is celebrated with fire or with much light in form of candles or torches. In its course all light is extinguished and new lightened. House and court are cleaned with smoke. Christian Church has taken it as Christmas and the birth of Jesus , which was in reality in spring , put here.
The next holyday is Imbolc , the feast of purification and fertility in the time around the beginning of the month of February. It is the holyday between the rebirth of the light and the manifestation of life. The days get longer, one can go without candle light. “Imbolc” means “in the womb”. The new life is still in the bowels of the earth but begins to show itself.
In this time began in the old cultures , as still now in the Chinese, the new year. In the old Atlantean influenced cultures of Mesopotamia, as in Babylon and Assyria and Egypt it was celebrated as the beginning of the new year and biggest festivity in the course of the year and was joined with extensive cults of fertility. This holyday was accepted from the Christian church as Candlemas . With respect only to the moral acceptable return of the light, not the fertility cults. These found its rebirth in the modern “carnival” at the same time.
It follows in the round of the holydays the equality of day and night of spring. Also this day is documented in stone settings of Atlantean times. At the Celts it is the feast of the birds. One goes out and looks for migratory birds. Are they seen ,one has a party and eats with relish. Its symbols are hares, swallows and eggs, which are now connected with Easter . It is in Atlantean times the special day of Ostara or Aschera or Astarte, as she is called in the East, the goddess of love and fertility. It is the holyday of the rebirth of nature from the deadly death of winter. Water scooped at Easter has curing and strengthening effects.
It follows a holyday, which was not taken by Christian church but in contrary was damned because of the in it practised unrestraint behaviour. It is the feast “Beltane”, that was celebrated in the night to the first of May and is still today, apart from ecclesiastical area, often celebrated as “Dance into May.”At the Celts it is the feast of fire and flowers.
In Atlantean times it was the first big holyday of May, when all people arrived “at the stones” and ceremonial rites of sacrifice were celebrated by the priests . Afterwards followed a common big meal and a festival of love, where one was dancing naked or half naked around the fire. Beltane is the transition from spring to summer and means something like “shining fire” or “fire of Bel”. It is the feast of purification (fire) and fertility, the time of strength and maturity. Bel or Belenos is the Celtic God of the light, but in his origin he is the Canaanitic Baal, the”Sir”, who became in the nature orientated world of the Celts the God of the Sun. From Christian church it was degraded to “Walpurgis night” and declared , that in this night the” witches and the devils” with which were meant the fans of the old believe, were dancing together.
The now following solstice of summer has in the Nordic countries much taken from Beltane. The customs of fire and love, to which nobody would abstain ,were put here in moderate form. Also at the Celts it was in respect of the course of sun a feast of the fire. Until now, wheels set in fire are rolled down the hills and torches are swung in circle as symbol of the sun. For “purification” couples are jumping together through the fire.
In the circle of the year follows the holyday of
fertility and harvest, Lughnasad, which is celebrated
after the first of August. It is the first of the thanks giving feasts for a
good harvest and vowed to the divine child “Mabon”
which goes down to the underworld to get rebirth . Here is found in the Celtic
still the Atlantean or Canaanitic
tradition, as it is written in the myths of
As Beltane, was this holyday because of disagree with Christian faith condemned and fought. Because people had a requirement for a holyday at this time, put the Catholic Christian Church to the fifteenth of August the holyday of “Ascension of Maria”. The descent into the under earth lying world of death became ascent into heaven. Now was Jesus, as only on Earth working Christian God, already gone to heaven at Whitsun. So rested only, giving divine qualities to the mother of God and let her go to heaven at this day.
As one can see, priests of all times found a way out of a seeming dilemma, in which they respected even the old tradition. This behaviour and the with that joined
bending of religion after request, was although a horror for Protestant purists, who never established such a holyday. The farmers had to see, how they put their customs to harvest feasts with not embarrassing worldly context.
An interesting speciality of Celtic tradition was the swear “We will keep word , except the heaven collapses and shatters us, the earth opens and devours us or the sea goes over its borders and overwhelms us”. At a question of Alexander the Great ,what feared the Celts, they answered seriously: “ We only fear that heaven falls on our heads”, what rose in Alexander the opinion, that the Celts had a very high view of themselves. But in both sentences is only expressed the memory at two “ends of the world” which were good remembered at the Celts because of their already mentioned good oral tradition of history. These catastrophes had made all vows and rules obsolete. The Greek without good tradition and also the Romans had no idea of this and thought such sentences as extreme arrogance.
With the introduction of Christianity disappeared the prohibition of writing of texts and so is a big part of the knowledge in the 3. and 4. century in written form still existent. But these texts, like older writings in the Ogham script, were burned as “heathen knowledge “ by overeager Christians when they found it. Even the famous Irish bishop Patrick shall have burned in the 9. century with missionary zeal 180 books with druidic knowledge. Nevertheless survived many and was edited in collections again and again, so in the “Leabhar Buidhe Lecain”, “The yellow book of Lecon “ that was put together around 1400.
After the introduction of
They found themselves in agreement with the theories
of the Greek philosopher Pythagoras, who had these, like the after him named
theorem of mathematic , taken from the Atlanteans in
Certain guaranteed is although the quarrel, which had
the Celtic church philosopher Pelagius Brito (around
354 to 420) with the authorities of the Roman church. He travelled around 380
Pelagius in contrary supported the Druidic opinion, that man can gain the welfare by his own doing and rejected strictly the predestination. By this he had himself created in Augustinus a bitter enemy. Augustinus tried to accuse Pelagius for heresy and persecuted him in the council of Jerusalem in June 415 and in the synod of Diospolis, in which participated fourteen bishops, without gaining a condemnation of the opinions of Pelagius, which this had supported in further publications ” about the free will”.
turned to the bishops of
The quarrel in the Church went to and fro for a long
time. The Church of the East empire took over the
condemnation of the “Pelagianism” only in 431. In the
Celtic church it survived still for a long time and was therefore again
explicit condemned in the second council of
So the attempt of getting influence to the basics of Christianity by the Celtic Druids was not always successful. More success had the Celts in keeping their system of rights , which came in its origin from Atlantean times and was very different from the Roman right. The Irish right is so the oldest completely conserved
“Codex of Right” of
Probably the most famous of these conferences for right
happened at 697 A.C. On it issued Adamnan, the abbot
of Iona the “law of the innocents” which forbid to do in the times of war
something to old men, women, children and “men, belonging to the clergy”, that
means everybody , who was no warrior. This was far ahead of its time and in
some way a forerunner of the “Convention of Geneva” ,which
was only decided at the end of the nineteenth century. This law was binding in
The carrying out of the laws was at first given to the ”fili”, the poets, a branch of the Druids. At the occasion of a quarrel under the “fili”, became evident, that these argued so pompously, that nobody, even not the king, understood them. Therefore it was decided, to give the matters of right from the “fili” to special judges and that the professions of right should be open to all, who brought with them the necessary preconditions.
With that was created a new class of judges, who were called “Brehon”. The Brehon laws should serve” to make good the injustice for the people and to protect the weak and poor “. The judges should quote at their sentence a “fasach”, a precedent or a maxim of right. Everybody ,who did not recognize a decision was outlawed and “should not be paid either by God nor by hand of men”. This outlawing or expel from society was corresponding to old Atlantean tradition and was a very hard punishment, for a life without community was practically not possible in this time. The Outlaw was forced to emigrate to find elsewhere a new community, which accepted him.
In the fifth century, when Christian ideas was added to Roman right , must be revised also the Brehon rights. The revision was made by nine prominent people from who were three Christians. The new right was codified in the “Senchus Mor” . It was called Cain Law and was binding for the whole country. Later on followed in the “Book of Acail “ the Irish criminal law. The language of these books was archaic and showed, how old the Brehon laws were. Both works of right survived in the “Leabhar nah Vidre”, the book of the “Dark Coloured Cow” of the 11. and 12. century. They were, whenever adapted again and again ,used till the seventh century when under Cromwell all Irish was suppressed and replaced by English.
Like the system of right had the Irish tradition of
history an independent form, which reached back to Atlantean
times. So reports Timagenes, who lived in the first
century A.C . in
The skeleton of verses caused, that the narrator could
not deviate too much from the story, The free text gave the possibility
,to add own and fitting to the moment thoughts, and make by this the
story more interesting for the listeners. Also from the Veden
of India and the Ilias and Odyssee
of Homer in
The historian called “ollamh” must possess after the Senchus Mor a special formation in Chronology , Synchronism, Archaeology and Genealogy. He has to know by heart at least 350 historical reports and love stories and recite them instantly on demand. Further he had to know exactly all privileges and rights of the High King and all little kings. If he does not fulfil these preconditions, he was not allowed as reporter and was not legitimated to sell his works.
The name of the male historian was now ”Seanchai” . This means also in today Irish :” Keeper and narrator of History”, Every chief had a Seanchai for the keeping of the history of his lineage. Since Christian times this happened also in written form and was done until the 17. century, when the English did away with the Irish customs and destroyed most of the writings. In this time was also shattered the indigene intelligence or driven into exile. Representatives of the last generation of historians were Dubhaltach Mac Firbisigh (1585-1670) and Seathrun Ceitinn (around 1570 until around 1649) who both found their death through the soldiers of Cromwell .
Ceitinn describes on the basis of a much older source the tasks of the Seanchai also as that of a war reporter. Every captain had a standard with his own sign (an Atlantean custom, which becomes clear in the finds of Lurestan and found itself again in the banners of regiments of the later European armies) so that the Seanchai, whose duty was, to assist the chiefs, when they rushed into the battle, could recognize every unit. The Seanchai had to notice the performance of the fighters, to give later a report of their “big contributions” in the battle.
Similar is also known from the Atlantean
tradition in the “Vedic -Time “(1000-500 B.C.) of
When in 1932 in the Academie
francaise was given a report with the title” The courtly
A similar phenomenon is existent in the Irish music.
Classical authors report, that the Celts possessed lyras
.drums, pipes and other instruments. At ceramic is reproduced a lyra . A
good conserved trumpet was found in the
The first notes from
The Irish composer Sean O Riada
( 1931-1971) began after his studies of serial music
Like the Irish system of rights, was also highly
developed the Irish medicine system and was nearly equal to that known from
In the Brehon system of rights was guaranteed nursing to all those in need, to it belonged beside the nursing also financial help and nourishing food. If the illness was caused through action of an other person , this had to pay the costs, This was also valid for employers, who were supposed to greed for profit. The medical practitioner had full responsibility for the treatment of a patient and had to give compensation in the case of false treatment. Every doctor had the duty to train four students of medicine, what made possible the intern control of the knowledge of the doctors. The responsible clan had to take care that every doctor had enough time and opportunity for further education. There existed real families of doctors in which the profession was hereditary and that in books written down knowledge was passed from father to son. Each region must have a hospital ,to which existed exact instructions about position and construction .It had for example to be positioned at a flowing water and must have four doors.
When the English in 17. century suppressed the Irish schools of medicine and destroyed the class of intellectuals, many doctors emigrated to the European continent and were there highly respected. At least not for this is conserved the Irish doctor literature from the time before the 18. century and waits for an editor. It is to expect that comes to light astonishing about the extensive knowledge of this old culture, which reaches without break until Atlantean times. Perhaps are in it contained methods and knowledge, which is new for the medicine of today.
The special abilities of the Celtic Druids at the matters of predicts was already mentioned. Like the Etruscans, they used for that the flight of the birds or predicted from the innards of sacrifice animals. Also dream interpretation was practised . The content of truth is, as known, heavy to check up and good prophets made their predicts so, that they fitted for each end.
More useful and correct were in contrary the predicts and calculations of the Celtic astrologers.
They possessed a calendar , which is dated for the
first century B.C. but is possibly much older and is called Coligny
calendar . It surpasses widely in exactness the Julian calendar
, which was introduced in
Probably was the settling region of the inventors of
the calendar in an area, were the seasons had little effect to the climate and
plaid a little roll for life. This could fit for example
An age had 6 cycles of time and after the
understanding of time of today 30 years. Also the Etruscans counted their time
after ages (saeculi) One week consisted at the Celts
of 9 nights and the month of 3 weeks. The resulting 27 nights-cycle corresponds
to the 27 constellations of the moon cycle , which are
in Indian mythology the 27 women of Soma the moon. The moon has obviously in
the calendar technology of very old times a bigger roll as the sun. So were
obviously, as already told, at old
Science of today is not conclusive, if the Celts got their astrological knowledge from the Babylonians. Probably scooped both from old Atlantean knowledge and developed two different branches. Finally lived the Celts in an area with the biggest and full of information stone settings of the Atlanteans, as Stonehenge, and the with them joined astrological knowledge was certainly conserved over a long time in oral and later written form by the Druids. So was not known until the 17.century the term “Zodiac”. It was used an own word “reithes grian” which means “sun wheel”. In Indian Sanskrit it is named “rasai chakra” , “wheel of constellations”. Also there is in old Irish a word for “Horoscope” :”fuis-mea” which means “beginning” (fuismed). In Scottish Gaelic is poetically called the Horoscope “ To set the foundation after the stars”.
It should not be entered further into the astronomical and astrological knowledge of the Celts and especially of the Irish, because this is nearly a subject of its own. It is in any case certain, that astronomical and astrological knowledge of high level was existent and Astrology was used until the 14.century for fixing of suitable moments for special actions. Since this time indigene Astrology mixed up with Babylonian one, imported by the Arabs ,so that the origin is not unambiguously to detect.
Also magical abilities were said in old tales to the Druids. So they could produce a fog, which withdraw towns, countryside or men from the look of the enemy. They could change their figure and transform men into animals. They could generate a Druidic sleep, which was similar a hypnotic state, in what men revealed the truth. They possessed also the “ Drink of Forgetting” under the effect of which men forgot their nearest friends and beloved. These capabilities do not impress us nowadays. Our modern technology and medicine is able to perform more, remarkable is anyhow , that also this field, with which one can produce much impression, was already mastered in high degree.
Summarizing one can say, that at the Celts and especially these, who lived undisturbed at the islands, astonishing much is conserved of the knowledge of the old Atlantean high culture and was handed down, in spite of all attempts of destruction , until our time.