The Cosmic Catastrophe of 1250 B.C.

by Karl Juergen Hepke

As an introduction is given the report of Solon in the book Timaios from Platon about the knowledge of the Greeks about the destruction of Atlantis. This report is one of the most important keys to the historical events at the transition from the old to the new historical time.

"There is in the delta where the Nile splits a country which is called the Saitic and of which the biggest town is Sais. To it, told Solon, he is gone and asked the most knowledgeable about old times and discerned , that neither he nor an other Greek knows something about it. One day, when they were talking about old times an erudite priest said to him:" Oh, Solon, Solon, you Hellenes remain always children, nobody of the Hellenes is growing to a very old man." "Why, how do you mean that?" he has asked. Than that had answered:" You are all young in your souls, because you have no old opinion in it which is founded on ancient stories and knowledge, turned grey by the time.

The reason for that is: A lot of multifarious destructions of men has happened and will happen again, the most important by fire and water, other, lower important, by thousands of other coincidences. That at least, which is told at you, that once Phaeton, the son of Helios, has mounted the car of his father and found himself his death, struck by a lightning, is told like a fairytale. The true at it is the deviation of at heaven revolving stars and the destruction of that on earth situated by powerful fire caused by them.

When the destruction is made by powerful fire, those who live at mountains and dry areas are more struck than those who live at rivers and at the sea. When , however, gods, to reform it, overflow the earth with water, than the inhabitants of mountains escape from destruction and these , who live at towns at the sea are swept away by the rivers.

And so it happened at you and at other nations, that, when you were just provided with writing and other furnishing of states a flood of heaven overtook you like a disease and left only the ignorant of writing and uneducated, so that you returned to youth without knowledge of that which happened in old times at you and somewhere else.
And so you are ignorant about the signifying heroic deed, which performed your state
Athens. But that at us recorded tells, that your state overwhelmed once a big warring power which came high spirited from the atlantic sea to whole Europe and Asia. In that time that sea was navigable and in front of the entrance , which is called, as you say, the Pillars of Herakles, was situated an island bigger than Asia and Lybia put together. From it you could get to the other islands and from them to the whole opposite situated continent lying at that true sea.

At this island, Atlantis, was united a big wonderful power of kings and their united warring power took once action to subjugate by a raid our country and all at this side of the entrance situated countries. Than, o Solon, the warring power of your home town became evident with courage and valour to everybody. For, surpassing all others in courage and tricks applicable in war, they got into utmost danger , partly at the top of the Hellenes, partly after the renunciation of the other and left alone dependent on their own force, but was victor and erected signs of victory over the advancing troop. They prevented them to subjugate also the until than not subjugated, us other, living inside of the Pillars of Herakles they generously gave the liberation.

But by enormous earthquakes and floodings sunk in later times, in only one nasty night and day, your warring power at one time into earth and in the same manner was the island of Atlantis drawn from the sight of eyes by sinking into the sea. The sea there got impassable and cannot be researched because the mud in low depth, which left the sinking island, became a hindrance."
So far the report of Platon.

The Cosmic Catastrophe

Howl, ships of Tharsis, for it is destroyed, there is no more a house and nobody is going there. The inhabitants of the island got quiet and the fortress at the sea is speaking: I am no more pregnant , I do no more give birth, I do no more raise youths and bring up no virgins. Howl, inhabitants of the island. Go to Tharsis, is that your merry town, that is proud of its age. Jesaja, Chapter 23.

What had happened, what shook men as far as the eastern edge of the Mediterranean. From archaeological digging up we know, that Troja was destroyed about 1250 B.C. by an earthquake. From the area of Mykene in southern Greece are known big damages by earthquakes out of this time. In the plain of Argolis , south of Mykene, were found additional damages by a devastating flood. A about five meters thick layer of mud covered parts of the town of Tyrins.

From Ronda, a town more than 3000 years old in the mountains of Andalusia is known, that an earthquake in prehistoric time has split an over 100 meters high rock, on which is now situated the town , and left a deep gorge, which is nowadays crossed by three bridges.

In Jesaja, Chapter 24, you can read, what was probably reported by eyewitnesses:" The earth will burst and decay with crash. The earth will stagger like a drunken man and will be thrown to and fro like a hanging bed. For the windows of the height are opened and the foundations of the earth are trembling." There was obviously not only a devastating earthquake, but additionally were "opened the heavens" and an enormous continuing cloudburst fell unto the country, washed ashore the ground from the mountains, which were robbed of its woods by men, and fell as an avalanche of water and mud into the valleys, sweeping away men and animals, trees, walls and towns. A land of horror was left, in which no man would further live.

For what you can read further in Jesaja: "Look, the LORD is making the country empty and waste, throws around what is in it and scatters its inhabitants. The country stands wretched and ruined , the ground is decreasing and spoiled. Only desertedness is in the town and the gates are open.

Earthquakes of this magnitude have an additional terrible effect mainly at coastal regions. They produce a wave in the sea , that in inopportune cases can rise unto 200 meters. Today it is called "Tsunami", a term which is coming from Japan, for in today times this phenomenon is known from the coast regions of its islands. It overflows the coast and tears away everything.

It is very possible, that a center of the earthquake was in front of the coast of Iberia, that a wave found its way long into the unprotected plain of Andalusia and flooding to and fro destroyed everything and left a desert of mud into which no ship could penetrate. With that the statement of Platon about the destruction of Atlantis would be correct.
" In the same manner was the
island of Atlantis drawn from the sight of eyes by sinking into the sea. The sea there got impassable and cannot be researched because the mud in low depth, which left the sinking island, became a hindrance."

The term "island of Atlantis" used by the Egyptians must not fit for the whole country, for the Egyptians, who were no seafarers, called an "Island" also an only by ship reachable beach with some hinterland.

For the big earthquake was combined with devastating cloudbursts, both affected the whole area of Mediterranean included Greece and the catastrophe lasted following Platon one day and one night, the cause of that catastrophe could have been the impact of a bigger meteorite in the Atlantic, near the coast. This meteorite and the by its impact-force caused following earthquake were the trigger of an enormous wave, which struck the atlantic coast of Iberia, France, England, Ireland and in more moderate form the countries bordering the North Sea and produced the destruction of many at the coast situated towns of the Atlantian Empire.

Also for the cultural and political center of the empire, Tharsis, it was death and destruction of the town. Its location at the South-West coast of Iberia, at a bay, the center only 10 km from the sea, although at a small hill, behind it a mountain range parallel to the coast line was extremely inopportune for such a wave.

To the sea extended the plain, only some meters over the sea level. And this plain was passed through by a river and artificial canals, of which the main canal, which was also the port, run in a width of 100 meters in an angle of 90 degrees to the coast line directly to the center of the town.

So the wave found nearly no resistance as far as the foot of the mountain range. The bay and the main canal concentrated over that like a funnel the force of the water directly to the center of the town and, because it was prevented by the mountain range behind the town to go further into the plain it rose to a considerable height. Probably the rise stopped only, when the water found its way through the behind the town lying saddle of the mountain. So the top of the mountain with the there situated buildings escaped from the water. But the earthquake probably destroyed also them.

The hill with the historical town center however was equally struck by earthquake and wave. The town of merchants at the canal, described by Platon, with its light buildings of wood and clay was at first swept away by the wave and the hill and the center were additionally covered with the rubble of the suburb. Differently it was at the hill. Here stood the old main buildings, temple and palace of the king built in Atlantian manner strong and sure with big stones. Here could have remained a big part of the old structure of the town under rubble and the washed up mud.

Especially interesting at digging up this place will be that Tharsis, like Pompeji and Herculaneum was destroyed by a natural disaster and that all treasures and devices of daily life were not robbed by men but destroyed in worst case only by the force of the nature. Because at Tharsis, the center of the Atlantian metal commerce were available a lot of metal devices of gold, silver, bronze and copper an extensive digging up action will bring rich finds. A beginning was made at other place. In the neighbourhood of Seville, at Carambolo, a rich treasure of gold was found , which you can see today in the museum of Seville.

Chance finds were also made at the area of Puerto de Santa Maria and a former racetrack. They were dated to the middle Stone Age. The digging up, that was made at the hill of Tartessos in front of the mountain produced pottery and tools of Phoenician origin and objects showing an intensive exchange with the Greeks. They were dated by the local archaeologists to the ninth until third century B.C.

But back to the events of 1250 B.C. and the consequences for the town of Tharsis and the country. The wave of the sea, which swept away the town in the plain and the port and destroyed the town at the hill flooded following back again and carried with it to the sea all partly swimming, which was destroyed or loosened by the earthquake or the flowing wave. That could be men, animals, beams, ships, trees, ground, scree, mud, the harvest of the fields and the vegetation of the surface of the earth.

It remained a desert of mud, spilled canals, a mud filled bay. The following torrential cloudbursts, lasting for days, caused an additional flood from the mountains, which could not flow away through the rivers and canals blocked by trees, stones and mud. The country became marshy and every access to the former town, as told in the report of Platon, was made impossible for a long time. So the statement in the report of Platon is explained that the town sunk. And for clarification the words of Platon will her be repeated:
"But by enormous earthquakes and floodings sunk in later times, in only one nasty night and day, your warring power at one time into earth and in the same manner was the island of Atlantis drawn from the sight of eyes by sinking into the sea. The sea there got impassable and cannot be researched because the mud in low depth, which left the sinking island, became a hindrance."

In this case of Atlantis II was with that not inevitable meant a lasting sinking of the town, as in the case of Atlantis I , but it must have been a temporary flooding with complete destruction, which also took away the former town out of the sight of eyes. The sentence about the not passable sea caused by low depth of the water and mud in it forces explicitly the version of the only temporary sinking. For everybody, who has seen an area flooded by natural disaster knows the problem to get into it.

Still today there are in the bay of Cadiz and the southern coast big salt marshes in the coast area. The modern road building has made them passable, but its look tells still today of the miserableness which radiated the country after the catastrophe and induced the survived to take flight. Over that still now the coast area is marked by salted, infertile soil partly far into the land.

Effects of the Catastrophe of 1250 B.C. in the Mediterranean Area

By archaeological finds is known, that Troja was destroyed two times at the end of the Bronze Age within only some decades. At first the town was damaged about 1250 B.C. by an earthquake. One of the gigantic walls of defense crashed in the earthquake, stairs collapsed and foundations moved. Some buildings had clear signs of burning.(41)

At the rebuilding of the fortress the Trojans had a new concept. The ground-plan within the new fortified defense system was altered so, that the method of building sized for princely rulers with large Megara and wide open places was turned to smaller buildings, between which were nearly no roads. Gigantic containers for stocks were sunk into the ground - its edges were little over the surface- and covered with beams of wood or discs of stone. At the same time the imports of Mykene, that had flown amply between 1400 and 1250 B.C. dried up. (41)

Within one generation after finishing the new planed Troja VIIa - with a ground-plan which was interpreted as a preparation for a siege - the town was plundered. This second destruction by catastrophic conflagrations is generally attributed to the Greeks. Unfortunately scientist have until now not succeeded in dating the destructions of Troja with certainty, therefore research has to trust in possibly subjektiv marked results of standing out scientists.(41)

At archaeological digging up and drilling near Tyrins in the Greek Argolis were found signs of a catastrophic flood which buried the eastern part of the lower situated municipal area under a layer of mud of several meters thickness.(41)

At some drillings in this layer of at maximum five meter thickness was found a multitude of good conserved pottery with some rare pieces. Most of it were dated to the palace period, a sign, that the flooding took place at this time (1200 - !250 B.C.) Additionally the digging up of Tyrins has given signs of several earthquakes, under that one of about 1200 B.C.. In Mykene there are signs of earthquakes in the time between 1300 and 1250 B.C. There were extensive fires and some houses collapsed by which at least one inhabitant was beat to death at his threshold.(41)

Much of these facts can be attributed with large probability to the cosmic event, which caused big devastations in the Mediterranean area, lead to the destruction of Tharsis, the blocking of the northern route to the Atlantic, what we will explain later, and in its consequences to the decline of all cultures in the eastern Mediterranean area depending on the prosperous sea commerce with metals out of the Atlantian area.

Also inscriptions in Egypt tell of a heavy natural disaster about 1200 B.C. This catastrophe affected the whole of Europe. A meteorit, appearing at heaven in increasing size, surrounded earth repeatedly and darkened the heaven. It moved than over earth burning the woods and fell at least onto earth in the area of the "Northern Sea", that means the Atlantic coast, and provoked heavy earth- and seaquakes.

By the import of energy were vaporized enormous quantities of seawater, which caused immense clouds and heavy long lasting cloudbursts. The rain washed ashore the cultivated soil from the mountains and covered the cultivated ground in the valleys with mud. The increased production of clouds lead to a worsening of climate, which had a negativ effect mainly to the harvests to the northern settling nations. This lead to famines and to an mass exodus in the most struck area of Iberia, France, North-West Germany , the Baltic Area, England and Ireland, the areas of original or later settling of the Atlantian Empire at the Atlantic and in Northern Europe.

When the exodus turned increasing to a prosperous raid joined also the Mediterranean natives to it. Tyrrhenia, Sardinia and Corsica, which were also struck by the long lasting worsening of climate supplied further groups of men. These nations returned after many years of roaming through the eastern Mediterranean area by the sea route to their old areas of settlement. From the former Tyrrhenians came so the Etruscians of "unknown origin" of the old writing of history.

Because they came from the East and brought back culture to the West came into being the opinion, that all culture came from the East. "Ex oriente lux", "from the East came the light", is until now told in the conventional european historigraphy.

An error, in what it is in good society with the Greeks, at whose knowledge and historigraphy are founded the previous historical ideas of our time. To be not forced to knock over this traditional image of history are sometimes created adventurous ideas to put new scientific and archaeological insights into this old structure.

But how spoke the old Egyptian priest to Solon:" You Hellenes remain always children, nobody of the Hellenes is growing to a very old man." The time has come to say good bye to these beloved old, a little bit childlike, ideas of the old Greeks, which are not fitting to modern scientific insights and to adjust ourselves mentally to the scientific knowledge of the year 2000 A.C.


Read to this in English: The History of Atlantis, the forgotten Origin of our Culture          By Karl Juergen Hepke

Or as a book in German language:


DIE GESCHICHTE VON ATLANTIS, der vergessene Ursprung unserer Kultur
by Karl Juergen Hepke
TRIGA-DER VERLAG, D 63584 Gruendau-Rothenbergen, Germany, 2nd Edition, Hardcover, 268 Pages, EUR 22,00, ISBN 978-3-89774-539-1 ,