The Position of Atlantis
von Karl Juergen Hepke
After the historic report of Platon we will now look at the position of today, for taking Atlantis from the area of fables to the ground of facts. Following Platon Atlantis was situated behind the "Pillars of Herakles". The district which was south of the town was named "Gadeiros".
The spanish town
North of Cadiz there is a plain which is nearly 150 Km
large at the sea and is extending in west-east direction nearly 300 Km into
Against the cold wind of the north the plain is
protected by a long range of mountains which is called today Sierra Morena. In
the plain there is a lot of little rivers and as a big one , which is passable
also for large seaships , the
In the language of the Arabian conquerors of that time
the country was called "al Andaluz" which following customary
interpretation comes from the "Vandals", who here settled before the
Visigoths as first people of the Germanic migration and than moved on to North
Africa. But a little bit unclear pronounced and thinking of the thousands of
years of oral and written name tradition which has passed, not so far away from
the name "Atlantis" of the old Egyptians, which in their language
meant "island without name". In
In this country was situated once a rich and famous town, which was called by the ancient Greeks "Tartessos" and is named in the Bible in the book of Jesaja and at many other points under the name of "Tharsis" or "Tarschisch". It is called here the merry town, which is proud of its age. Its merchants, which had branches at Tyrus and
Following the texts of the Bible, Tharsis and the Chittits were sons of Javan, the ankle of Noah, who lived in the western countries and on the islands of the heathens. The ships of Tharsis were the wealthiest and most powerful on the sea and Tharsis itself is called the "town of primeval times".
We will not call the town with the name of
"Tartessos", under which it is known in
Because here we are talking about its first great time we will use the name which is used in the Bible
T h a r s i s
And we will see , that it is identical with Platons "Atlantis" in all points.
It is not astonishing, that this signifying roll has
found its expression in some overcoming reports of history. An Egyptian stele
with hieroglyphs, by means of which an old , high-ranged Egyptian priest told
the Greek Solon the story of power and importance of Atlantis and the Bible,
the probably most important book of old history of the West. Also Homer has put
a monument to it with his story of Scheria ,
the town of the kings of the Phaeakeans (D) , where Odysseus finally
arrived after his long voyages. Over that, in Egyptian hieroglyph mentions you
can find the name of nations of Atlantis which are often simply put together in
the name of the "sea-people"
. From the archives of the Egyptian kings is known a correspondence with
the country "Alasija", which probably means "Atlantis". For
the first supposition, that Alasija was situated in
This seems to be nevertheless not very much and not appropriate to the historical importance of the country and the town. This is due to the devastations which were produced by later nations in the mediterranean area. On standing out place you will find here the Romans. They have caused the destruction of the library of Alexandria, in which burned 700 000 books with the gathered knowledge of the old world and have also destroyed nearly all knowledge of the West European heirs of Atlantis, the Etruscans (D) and the Carthageneans . The succession of them was taken by the early christians and later by the catholic church. They condemned any knowledge coming from older times as "heathen" and destroyed it inconsiderately. (It is hard for us to imagine how long the recovery process took for the inhabitants of these areas. Without access to assistance like trauma patients can find today at Morningside Recovery it may have taken quite a long time to heal. The loss of home and family can cause pain for years without the help of mental health professionals like those at Morningside Recovery.)
An other reason for it, is the politics of secrecy
which was practised by the countries of the Atlantian
empire. For the Atlantians and their successors the Phoenicians and also the
Carthageneans provided by all means, that no greek ship could enter into the
sea west of
The town which lies today at the place of the former
In the area of Puerto and its port were found at some 10 000 m2 the vestiges of a village in form of huts and houses and assigned to that subterranean constructions in form of a bell which served as silos and sometimes as tombs. Also were found tools for the production of sun-dried bricks and places of cooking, richly furnished with usual kitchen equipment. Knife-edges, handmade pottery, crescent shaped teeth, arrowheads, thin plates of trapezoid form, sharped flints, splinters of stones and bones were found, showing that there was production of tools and devices for daily use. This early settlement was dated to 3500 B.C.
A look at the Michelin-map of
Already in front of
This spider-web formed road network shows once more
the importance of the region. It is shown also by the fact that there happened
the deciding battle between the Visigoths
and the Moors (D) .
Also the Romans won here a deciding battle. It looks like a fact, that the conquest of this region was an absolute precondition for the mastery of the hinterland, and it becomes clear, why the here positioned town was at last totally levelled and made inhabitable by the conqueror. The conqueror than prevented for a long time , that it was reconstructed.
This points in direction of Rome, for it is known, that the Romans, first in Etruria (D) , than in Carthago and later on in Jerusalem (D) and at many not so well-known places, prevented, that old famous towns were reconstructed after the conquest and destruction by them for nothing should reduce the fame of the world ruling city of Rome. Beside this, the Romans ruled over 400 years South-Iberia and this time was sufficient to extinguish the knowledge of the old town in the memory of the inhabitants of the country. The archaeological report published in 2003 confirms this supposition.
The highest elevation of the mountain at its south-eastern end is given in the map as 124 m. In front of it is situated a hill of nearly one kilometer length and 30 m height. Here you find the large archaeological excavation which shows until now a fortified town of the time between the ninth and the third century B.C. At this digging up has been worked since 1978.
There were found extensive rests of walls of burned
houses, surrounded by fortifications. In the houses were found pottery,
Phoenician devices and rests , which are showing an intensive exchange with the
Greeks. This town is, following the archaeological won datas of time, not
Atlantis-Tharsis. But all is pointing out to interpret this town as the
successor of Atlantis-Tharsis named "Tartessos". Because Tartessos
was the heir of the advantages of the position of Atlantis-Tharsis, its
position cannot be far away. When you look at the area and are conscious of the
Atlantis report of Platon, there is only the plain between the hill of
Tartessos and the sea , which answers to all given details.
Here you can easily put the rings of water and land described by Platon. The river Guadalete with its curves could have given the island of the beginning.
On the saddle of the mountain situated behind the hill
of Tartessos ( it is now called "Sierra de San Cristobal" and upon it
were found extended necropoles of the beginning of the Bronze Age until the
Tartessian time) there are big modern settings of sources of water and a little
bit north of it you can find several ditches and tunnels. The walls of it are
vertical and smooth hewed. The ceilings are lightly bended. In their old grey
state they are remembering the submarine boat bunkers of the second world war
or the bunkers of the "Atlantikwall" in
But there is no marking of planking and no jutting out rusted reinforcement of steel. These bunkers were knocked out of the rock and in it were probably stored the ships and stocks of the town situated in front of the mountain. The size of the tunnels would have been sufficient to store two boats of the atlantian time side by side. Also the height is like that of a little house.
Above the saddle of the mountain there is at his highest point a flat place. The large grey socles on which the Parthenon of Athens would have place enough, prove themselves as water containers, hewn into the rock with a gigantic flat coverplate and conically to the top running supports like an Egyptian temple. The lightly rising roads between the separate socles are planted with bushes and flowers like a temple road and to the south-east follows a forest of beautiful trees.
Again Platon enters into the mind, telling: The
At the edge of the mountain-top you are surprised by the marvelous panorama which is offered.
Truely a view for Gods.
Far,far goes the look over the fertile country, the
Here becomes clear, why in all religions of nations
coming from the atlantian culture, gods are living on a mythic mountain. This
is the mountain which gave the basic idea for the Olymp of the Greeks, the
Walhalla of the Germans , the
zikkurates of Mesopotamia (D) and many other natural or
artificially created mountain of gods.
And Platon must again be quoted because there is no better description of the place as this:
sea-coast, to the middle of the whole island was a plain,
which was more beautiful and fertile than any other".
Read to this in English: The History of Atlantis, the forgotten Origin of our Culture By Karl Juergen Hepke
Or as a book in German language:
GESCHICHTE VON ATLANTIS, der vergessene Ursprung unserer Kultur
by Karl Juergen Hepke
TRIGA - DER VERLAG, D 63584 Gruendau-Rothenbergen, Germany, 2nd Edition, Hardcover, 268 Pages, EUR 22,00, ISBN 978-3-89774-539-1 ,